The period of convalescence is the time from the onset of the subsidence of the symptoms of the disease to their complete disappearance and the normalization of all blood counts.
During this period, patients experience fatigue, general weakness, and biochemical blood parameters are disturbed. Methods for diagnosing viral hepatitis. A general blood test is prescribed to detect an inflammatory process in the body, which is characterized by: an increase in the number of white blood cells, a shift in the leukocyte formula to the left, and an acceleration of the erythrocyte sedimentation rate.
A general urine test will indicate an excess of bilirubin in the body - imdur pills of isosorbide pills amount of bile pigments, direct bilirubin and urobilin.
A biochemical blood test is the most informative, as it indicates a violation of liver function. Viral hepatitis is characterized by an increase in the activity of hepatic transaminases (alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, glutamyl dehydrogenase, lactate dehydrogenase), a decrease in the amount of total protein and an imbalance in its fractions, prothrombin, fibrinogen, an increase in the amount of bilirubin, cholesterol.
Imdur pills is a specific method for identifying pathogens of viral hepatitis. Using this method, markers of viral hepatitis - antibodies to hepatitis viruses and their antigens - are determined quantitatively and qualitatively in the blood.
The polymerase chain reaction is another method for determining the type of virus that caused viral hepatitis. This method consists in identifying the genetic material of the virus (DNA, RNA) in the blood and feces of the patient. Ultrasound examination of the liver and biliary tract is used to diagnose structural changes in the liver, as well as for the differential diagnosis of viral hepatitis with other pathologies of the hepatobiliary system. A liver biopsy is performed to determine the activity, the prevalence of the process and the presence of complications. Treatment of viral hepatitis.
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General analysis of feces. Stercobilin disappears from the feces, which gives it a natural color.
Etiotropic therapy is the appointment of drugs that stop the replication of viruses and kill them. The basis of antiviral therapy for hepatitis are short- and long-acting interferons, as well as Ribavirin, Lamivudine, Acyclovir, Retrovir, Zinovudine and others. Depending on the type of viral hepatitis, monotherapy or combined treatment regimens are used. Treatment of acute viral hepatitis lasts an average of 1 month, and chronic - 6-12 months.
All viral hepatitis are treated according to general principles, including the following:
The treatment of viral hepatitis is carried out by an infectious disease specialist together with a hepatologist. If you suspect that you have viral hepatitis, you should immediately consult a doctor to confirm or exclude the diagnosis. Viral hepatitis is the most common liver disease, which is expressed in global damageorgan and disruption of its functioning. In total, five types of this disease are classified, each of which affects hepatocytes (liver cells), causing inflammation and the possibility of developing serious complications. This disease can affect both children and adults. The hepatitis virus can be transmitted in various ways, hepatitis can occur in different forms: fulminant, acute, chronic and protracted.
Treatment of viral hepatitis consists of etiotropic and pathogenetic therapy.
How is viral hepatitis transmitted? Absolutely all types of diseases are transmitted from an infected person to a sick person. Depending on the type of isosorbide, the infection spreads in two ways: fecal-oral and parenteral. For hepatitis A and E, the first option is typical. Hepatitis B, C and D are transmitted only parenterally through any body fluids of an infected person.
Such forms are characteristic of types A, B, C and D. Type E is much less common and prevails in hot regions where infection occurs by water. The procedure poses a threat if medical workers have neglected the preliminary examination of donors. This happens due to the negligence of the medical staff or in an emergency situation when an immediate transfusion is required, and there is no time for tests. It is also common in countries where there is an urgent need for donated blood.